Berkeley, George


Berkeley, George
► (1685-1753) Filósofo inglés. Sostiene que lo único real son nuestras ideas y su realidad consiste en las que percibimos. Sus obras principales son los Principios del conocimiento humano (1710) y Tres diálogos entre Hylas y Filonús (1713).

* * *

llamado obispo Berkeley

(12 mar. 1685, cerca de Dysert Castle, ¿cerca de Thomastown?, condado de Kilkenny, Irlanda–14 ene. 1753, Oxford, Inglaterra).

Obispo, filósofo y activista social irlandés. Trabajó principalmente en el Trinity College, Dublín (hasta 1713) y como obispo de Cloyne (1734–52). Se lo conoce sobre todo por su afirmación de que, para los objetos materiales, ser es ser percibido ("Esse est percipi). Su vocación religiosa puede haberlo impulsado a hacer la salvedad de que, incluso si ningún ser humano percibe un objeto, Dios sí lo hace, con lo cual asegura la existencia continua del mundo físico cuando no es percibido por ningún ser finito. Fue uno de los fundadores del empirismo moderno, junto con John Locke y David Hume. A diferencia de Locke, no creía que existieran sustancias materiales fuera de la mente, sino más bien que los objetos existían sólo como colecciones de ideas sensibles. Entre sus obras se cuentan An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision [Ensayo hacia una nueva teoría de la visión] (1709), Tratado sobre los principios del conocimiento humano (1710) y Tres diálogos entre Hylas y Philonous (1713). Pasó parte de su carrera en América del Norte, donde propugnó la educación de los americanos nativos y los negros. La ciudad de Berkeley, California, EE.UU., lleva el nombre en su honor.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Berkeley, George — George Berkeley David Berman BACKGROUND AND EARLY WORK George Berkeley was born on 12 March 1685 in Co. Kilkenny, where he spent his early years. His father was from England, his mother (very probably) was born in Ireland.1 After attending… …   History of philosophy

  • Berkeley, George — known as Bishop Berkeley born March 12, 1685, near Dysert Castle, near Thomastown?, County Kilkenny, Ire. died Jan. 14, 1753, Oxford, Eng. Irish bishop, philosopher, and social activist. He worked principally at Trinity College, Dublin (to 1713) …   Universalium

  • Berkeley, George — (1685–1753)    Bishop and Philosopher.    A native of Ireland, Berkeley was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. He was appointed Dean of Derry in 1724 and, after a period as a travelling missionary in America, he was consecrated Bishop of Cloyne …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Berkeley, George — (1685–1753) Irish idealist . Born at Kilkenny in Ireland, Berkeley entered Trinity College, Dublin in 1700. In 1707 he became a Fellow of the College and two years later published An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision (his Philosophical… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Berkeley, George — (1685 1753)    An empiricist philosopher, and Bishop of Cloyne from 1734 to 1752, Berkeley is now known chiefly not for his sermons and ecclesiastical works or even for his strange writings on tar water, but rather for his philosophical works, in… …   Christian Philosophy

  • BERKELEY, GEORGE —    bishop of Cloyne, born in Kilkenny; a philanthropic man, who conducted in a self sacrificing spirit practical schemes for the good of humanity, which failed, but the interest in whom has for long centred, and still centres, in his philosophic… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Berkeley, George — (1685 1753)    Philosopher, eldest s. of William B., a cadet of the noble family of Berkeley, b. at Kilcrin near Kilkenny, and ed. at the school of his native place and at Trinity Coll., Dublin, where he graduated and took a Fellowship in 1707.… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Berkeley,George — Berke·ley (bärkʹlē, bûrkʹ ), George. 1685 1753. Irish prelate and philosopher whose idealist philosophy, directed against the materialism of Thomas Hobbes, is based on the thought that to be is to perceive or to be perceived. His works include… …   Universalium

  • BERKELEY, George — (1685 1753)    Irish clergyman and philosopher. Author of A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Berkeley, George Cranfield — (1753 1818)    Entered the navy, 1766; accompanied Cook in survey of coast of Newfoundland and Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1766 1769; and was on the Victory at Ushant, 1778. In 1786 surveyor general of ordnance, 1786; and vice admiral on the Halifax… …   The makers of Canada